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Title: Extraction of the defect density of states in microcrystalline silicon from experimental results and simulation studies
Authors: T. Tibermacine
A. Merazga
M. Ledra
N. Ouhabab
Keywords: constant photocurrent method; optical absorption spectrum; micro-crystalline silicon; defect density of states
Issue Date: 28-Feb-2016
Abstract: The constant photocurrent method in the ac-mode (ac-CPM) is used to determine the defect density of states (DOS) in hydrogenated microcrystalline silicon ( c-Si:H) prepared by very high frequency plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (VHF-PECVD). The absorption coefficient spectrum (ac- .h //, is measured under ac- CPM conditions at 60 Hz. The measured ac- .h / is converted by the CPM spectroscopy into a DOS distribution covering a portion in the lower energy range of occupied states. We have found that the density of valence bandtail states falls exponentially towards the gap with a typical band-tail width of 63 meV. Independently, computer simulations of the ac-CPM are developed using a DOS model that is consistent with the measured ac- .h / in the present work and a previously measured transient photocurrent (TPC) for the same material. The DOS distribution model suggested by the measurements in the lower and in the upper part of the energy-gap, as well as by the numerical modelling in the middle part of the energy-gap, coincide reasonably well with the real DOS distribution in hydrogenated microcrystalline silicon because the computed ac- .h / is found to agree satisfactorily with the measured ac- .h /.
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